By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board
This publication describes the advance of ocean sciences over the last 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the nationwide technology origin (NSF) to the field's growth. a number of the people who participated within the fascinating discoveries in organic oceanography, chemical oceanography, actual oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe within the booklet how the discoveries have been made attainable by way of combos of insightful participants, new know-how, and now and again, serendipity.
as well as describing the development of ocean technology, the e-book examines the institutional constructions and know-how that made the advances attainable and offers visions of the field's destiny. This booklet is the first-ever documentation of the heritage of NSFâ€™s department of Ocean Sciences, how the constitution of the department developed to its current shape, and the people who were liable for ocean sciences at NSF as â€œrotatorsâ€ and profession employees over the last 50 years.
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Additional resources for 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000
This system, considerably refined from that deployed from CUSS I, comprised an acoustic transponder dropped from the ship onto the seafloor and an array of four hydrophones lowered a little below the ship's hull. The arrival-time differences of signals from the transponder were processed in a computer, which controlled the ship's main propulsion system and lateral tunnel thrusters, keeping the ship for weeks at a time generally well within a circle with a diameter less than 10 percent of water depth.
Time and again extensions were granted, going on now for 30 years. Contractors have changed, the 36 37 JOIDES organization has expanded, international partners have been recruited, funding sources have been added (and deleted), names have changed, the drill ship has been replaced and project management shifted, while the drilling goes on and new scientific results pour in. S. JOIDES institutions now number eleven. S. , was created to provide fiscal responsibility for JOIDES, so that NSF could sign contracts to support JOIDES activities.
S. S. S. site surveys in support of dr SOURCE: Bruce Malfait, NSF, August 1998. , 1997). Other achievements, just as significant, are the cumulative result of many legs of drilling. I review here a samplingprobably reflecting my own interestsof some of the most important results, findings that truly changed our way of thinking. I also mention a few problems that remain as very important but unresolved by drilling. Time Scales It has been said that the special philosophical contribution of the geological sciences is the establishment of the immensity of geologic time.
50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000 by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board