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A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency - download pdf or read online

By John A. Hawkins

ISBN-10: 0511554281

ISBN-13: 9780511554285

ISBN-10: 0521372615

ISBN-13: 9780521372619

ISBN-10: 0521378672

ISBN-13: 9780521378673

During this significant new ebook, John A. Hawkins offers a brand new idea of linear ordering in syntax. He argues that processing delivers an easy, practical cause of syntactic principles of ordering, in addition to for the choice between ordering versions in languages and constructions within which version is feasible. Insights from generative syntax, typological reports of language universals, and psycholinguistic experiences of language processing are mixed to teach that there's a profound correspondence among functionality and grammar.

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Extra resources for A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency

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In a great many languages a sentential direct object that follows a subject and precedes the verb is regarded as ungrammatical in the research tradition for that language, and the sentences in question are neither readily attested nor accepted in performance. Persian is an example (cf. e. The woman knows that the man threw a rock. Further examples of this type are German, Yaqui and Turkish (cf. Dryer 1980). But in Japanese, the tradition of grammatical research states that such sentences are grammatical (cf.

Why aren't self-embeddings ungrammatical in all languages? I will return to this matter presently. These considerations, coupled with the proposals from the current research literature, argue against the assumption of pure acceptability and in favor of a causative role for performance in shaping grammars. e. innate UG) in its evolution, I wish to sound a cautionary note. This kind of scenario is not impossible, of course, but since processing mechanisms must also be innately determined ultimately, and since they need to be assumed anyway in order to explain how language is performed, why should performance considerations in effect be duplicated from one innate "module" into another, The approach of the present book 13 namely the innate grammar?

I begin this chapter by outlining some general ways in which grammars appear to have responded to processing. This enumeration is not intended to be exhaustive. Rather, it serves merely as a background to the major types of grammatical responses for which I shall argue in this book. 1 How is a processing principle expressed in a grammar? First, grammatical rules or principles may select some categories versus others from the total set made available by the theory of grammar, in a way that reflects processing ease.

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A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency by John A. Hawkins

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