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New PDF release: Alejandro Malaspina: Portrait of a Visionary

By John Kendrick

ISBN-10: 0773518304

ISBN-13: 9780773518308

Malaspina arrived in Spain with a systematic history and an ardent curiosity within the philosophy of the Enlightenment. a talented navigator, the Pacific voyage on which he sailed in 1789 used to be the final and most crucial of his profession - a five-year clinical and political exam of the Spanish colonies within the Americas and the Philippines. He appraised the British colony at Sydney Cove and Tonga, permitting him to match existence at a spot nearly untouched through ecu touch with the placement within the colonies. Malaspina finally lower back to Spain, the place he used to be bought through King Charles IV. He used to be commissioned to supply a piece protecting all elements of his stories that might determine Spain's popularity as a contemporary enlightened nation. Malaspina recommended the King that this may be accomplished provided that he brushed off all of his ministers and changed them with a slate of Malaspina's picking who may again his visionary rules. This likely naive thought led to a unanimous vote by means of the council that his plan used to be fake, seditious, and injurious to the sovereignty in their Majesties, and he was once sentenced to 10 years imprisonment within the castle of San Antón. on the urging of Napoleon he was once published after 8 years and exiled to Italy, the place he died in 1810, simply because the revolts within the Americas have been beginning, as he had estimated. utilizing Malaspina's writings, together with the magazine of his nice voyage and his own letters, John Kendrick makes the lifetime of this striking guy to be had for the 1st time in English.

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Additional resources for Alejandro Malaspina: Portrait of a Visionary

Example text

Malaspina brought Descubierta into Callao, the port for Lima, on 20 May 1790, where he was to stay for three months. He had arranged in advance for accommodation for his officers in the small Indian village of La Magdalena, in the house of a religious order. As it was two miles north of the city of Lima, this would avoid distractions and protect them from "natural curiosity and idleness" which would attract growing numbers of people to their headquarters. Malaspina sent Cayetano Valdés to the capital with a letter to the viceroy.

His Wealth of Nations, the analytical foundation on which later economic theories were built, accepts the thesis of the utilitarian philosophers13 that the purpose of economic 40 Alejandro Malaspina activity is to produce the maximum output of useful goods. Whereas these philosophers set out their ideas in general terms, Smith believed that economic activity could be analysed and that a system could be developed to predict the effect of any cause. He described his economic system as an imaginary machine, whose functioning could be controlled.

After the Asuncion voyage Malaspina asked for leave. The request was not addressed to his naval superiors; it was a petition to the king, dated at Isla de León4 on 24 August 1784. " A cover note in Malaspina's service record, dated September 7, bears one word: concedida. He had been in the Spanish service for ten years, and already he had unspecified personal affairs at court, and the ear of the king. He had begun his career as a courtier. Malaspina's politicking did not do him any immediate harm, because Vicente Tofiño, head of the Royal Observatory in Cadiz, wrote on November 26 to Valdés, recommending the granting of a request by Malaspina to be added to the group of officers studying astronomy at the observatory.

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Alejandro Malaspina: Portrait of a Visionary by John Kendrick

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