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New PDF release: An Introduction to Phonology (Learning About Language)

By Francis Katamba

ISBN-10: 058229150X

ISBN-13: 9780582291508

This publication is an advent to phonological conception positioned in the framework of modern mainstream generative phonology. The ebook is split into major elements. the 1st introduces readers to uncomplicated suggestions of articulatory phonetics, classical phonemics and traditional generative phonology. the second one half is dedicated to phonological concept. the character and agency of phonological representations in nonlinear generative phonology is usually explored.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Phonology (Learning About Language)

Example text

Nevertheless, in neither case should the sound chosen to represent the family be equated with the family itself. The family metaphor is also useful in highlighting another principle of phoneme theory: namely, the Segments of sound 21 PHONETIC SIMILARITY OF ALLOPHONES of the same phoneme. The phoneme is a suitable label for a group of sounds which are phonetically alike and which show certain typical patterns of distribution. This principle is intended to prevent the lumping together as allophones of the same phoneme's sounds which appear to be in complementary distribution but have no phonetic similarity.

H I G H - N O N H I G H [ ± high] High sounds are made with the tongue raised from neutral position while nonhigh sounds are made without such raising of the body of the tongue. High sounds include vowels like [i u], the glides [w j ] , alveo-palatal, palatalized, palatal and velar consonants. All other sounds are nonhigh. 9. L O W - N O N L O W [ ± low] Low sounds are produced with the tongue depressed and lying at a level below that which it occupies when at rest in neutral position; n o n l o w sounds are produced without depressing the level of the tongue in this manner.

Other phonemes such as / t / have no clearly dominant family member and the choice of the symbol of one of the allophones to represent the phoneme is not as easily justified. Nevertheless, in neither case should the sound chosen to represent the family be equated with the family itself. The family metaphor is also useful in highlighting another principle of phoneme theory: namely, the Segments of sound 21 PHONETIC SIMILARITY OF ALLOPHONES of the same phoneme. The phoneme is a suitable label for a group of sounds which are phonetically alike and which show certain typical patterns of distribution.

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An Introduction to Phonology (Learning About Language) by Francis Katamba


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